Castro Ruz, Fidel

(1927– )
   Recognized around the world the bearded, cigar-smoking Castro in his trademark military fatigues led the guerrilla struggle that overthrew the Cuban government of the dictator Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar in 1958, and has been leader of the country ever since. Criticized by orthodox Marxists for leading a revolutionary vanguard party, the July 26 Movement, that was not MarxistLeninist, he nevertheless declared the Cuban Revolution a socialist one in 1961, and aligned Cuba with the Soviet Union. Under Castro Cuba also has given military and economic support to socialist independence movements in the Third World. He oversaw the nationalization of industry, the collectivization of agriculture, the creation of a one-party state, and the imprisonment and exile of political opponents and “undesirables.”
   Castro’s Cuba has had a particularly antagonistic relationship with the United States, which had supported Batista, backed an unsuccessful invasion attempt in 1962 (the Bay of Pigs), imposed and continues to impose economic sanctions on Cuba, and which has been behind several unsuccessful attempts to assassinate Castro. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, which provided economic support to Cuba, Castro has modified policies to permit some private enterprise.
   See also Communist Party of Cuba.

Historical dictionary of Marxism. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Castro (Ruz), Fidel — born Aug. 13, 1926/27, near Birán, Cuba Political leader of Cuba (from 1959). Son of a prosperous sugar planter, he became a lawyer and worked on behalf of the poor in Havana. He was a candidate for Cuba s legislature when Gen. Fulgencio Batista… …   Universalium

  • Castro Ruz, Fidel — ► (n. 1926) Político cubano. Asaltó la cárcel política de Santiago de Cuba (1953) contra la dictadura de Batista. Fundó el movimiento 26 de julio, se hizo fuerte en Sierra Maestra y, con el apoyo del campesinado y de la juventud, inició la lucha… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Castro (Ruz), Fidel — (n. 13 ago. 1926/27, cerca de Birán, Cuba). Líder político de Cuba (desde 1959). Hijo de un próspero plantador de azúcar, se hizo abogado y trabajó representando a los pobres de La Habana. Fue candidato a la legislatura cubana cuando el general… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Castro Ruz — Castro Ruz, Fidel Castro Ruz, Raúl …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz — Máximo Líder Fidel Castro (2003) Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz [fiˈðɛl ˈkastɾɔ ˈrus] (* offiziell 13. August 1926[1] in Birán bei Mayarí in der damaligen kubanischen Provinz Oriente) führte von 1959 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fidel Castro Ruz — Máximo Líder Fidel Castro (2003) Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz [fiˈðɛl ˈkastɾɔ ˈrus] (* offiziell 13. August 1926[1] in Birán bei Mayarí in der damaligen kubanischen Provinz Oriente) führte von 1959 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz — Fidel Castro Pour les articles homonymes, voir Castro. Fidel Castro …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Castro Ruz — (izg. kàstro rùs), Fidel (1927) DEFINICIJA kubanski diktator (od 1959), sklon komunističkim idejama u unutrašnjoj i vanjskoj politici …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Castro Ruz — Cạstro Ruz   [ rus], Fidel, kubanischer Revolutionsführer und Politiker, * Mayarí (Provinz Oriente) 13. 8. 1926; in der revolutionären Studentenbewegung aktiv, wurde nach Beendigung seines Studiums Rechtsanwalt. Bekämpfte die Diktatur von F.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fidel Castro Ruz — noun Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927) • Syn: ↑Castro, ↑Fidel Castro • Instance Hypernyms: ↑socialist …   Useful english dictionary

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